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Aphantasia: A Mysterious Mental Condition

Aphantasia: A Mysterious Mental Condition

People with aphantasia, or “mind blindness,” cannot imagine anything in their mind’s eye. They can’t picture the world around them, can’t remember things they’ve seen before, and can’t visualize what they’re looking at right now. 

This condition is scarce (about 3.9% of the general population have it) and not well understood by the medical profession. It’s also not clear if it’s even an abnormality or if it’s just another way of experiencing the world. 

This article will explore its causes and treatment options. We’ll also discuss how this condition has affected those who have it and how to cope with aphantasia should you find yourself experiencing it.

What It Is and How It’s Discovered

People with aphantasia report that they have no mental imagery. They can’t picture things in their mind’s eye, such as the face of a loved one or a house they visited yesterday. They can’t imagine the past or the future.

Aphantasia: A Mysterious Mental Condition

This inability to imagine has caused many people to question whether there is something wrong with them or their brains are somehow different from others.

This inability to imagine has caused many people to question whether there is something wrong with them or their brains are somehow different from others. 

However, scientists are still unsure whether or not it’s an actual condition or simply another way of experiencing life.

People diagnosed with aphantasia report that they’ve always been like this since birth. Some people can acquire the condition later in life due to trauma, but it seems that most people with it have had it all their lives. 

In addition to the lack of mental imagery, those with aphantasia also report having problems visualizing shapes and colors. For instance, they may have no problem naming the color of an object, but they can’t picture what it would look like.

While most people with aphantasia don’t seem to struggle with it, some do. For example, one study found that some people who have it are depressed and anxious because they feel that their life is boring. 

Interestingly, many people with aphantasia report conjuring up mental images when reading or writing. This suggests that the ability to imagine mental images may be related to experiences from your past.

What Causes It?

Researchers have not yet figured out what’s causing this condition. Some scientists believe it’s another way of experiencing the world while others think it could be due to brain damage or genetic factors. 

However, one study found evidence of reduced activity in specific brain parts in those who experience aphantasia. Specifically, there was decreased activity in the visual cortex, temporal cortex, and occipital lobe.

Other factors at play may contribute to this condition, such as genetics, psychological disorders, or developmental delays during childhood; however, these are still theories with very little evidence behind them. 

More research is needed to clarify these connections and treat this condition.

How Is It Treated?

There is currently no available treatment for aphantasia, but some people report developing the ability to visualize mental images. 

Some people who had never pictured colors before have been able to do so after doing brain training exercises. Other people have reported imagining colors after practicing meditation. However, there’s no proof that these treatments can help someone develop the ability to visualize mental images.

What Does It Mean For Your Life?

Aphantasia is a rare condition that has only recently been discovered. Most people who have it aren’t aware that they have it until they learn about the condition and realize that they have specific symptoms. 

Even though researchers don’t know much about this condition, there are some things we do know about it. For example, aphantasia seems to be linked with autism, and brain damage. 

Some people develop this disorder after brain damage, suggesting that their brains may have reorganized to compensate for the damage. 

If this is true, it suggests that aphantasia may be the brain’s way of protecting itself. It is similar to how the brain can reorganize itself to protect against other disorders, like phantom limb syndrome or blindness.

Aphantasia can have both positive and negative effects on your life. For example, some people with aphantasia report that they can focus better and concentrate more easily. 

On the other hand, others experience frustration, anxiety, and depression because they feel like they’ve lost part of their identity. 

The good news is that there are ways you can learn how to recognize your mental images again. For example, you could read about different mental imagery techniques and try them out for yourself.


The prevalence of aphantasia (imagery weakness) in the general population” (2021)

The blind mind: No sensory visual imagery in aphantasia” (2017)

A cognitive profile of multi-sensory imagery, memory and dreaming in aphantasia” (2020)

What is the Link Between Mental Imagery and Sensory Sensitivity? Insights from Aphantasia” (2021)

Many People Have a Vivid ‘Mind’s Eye,’ While Others Have None at All” (2021)

Investigation into Aphantasia: Neurological, Functional, and Behavioral Correlates” (2019) (Edited 2021)