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What Are Allergies And How to Treat Them

What Are Allergies And How to Treat Them

An allergy is a response from the immune system against a foreign substance, which, most of the time, is not harmful to your body. These foreign substances are typically known as allergens.

However, allergies caused by them are not always seasonal and may also be the whole year-round. This usually leads to sneezing, inflammation, and other symptoms.

It could be pollen, pet dander, dust mites, weeds, or even molds that may trigger such responses in the human body. This article is about showing you how to treat their symptoms and ways to avoid them. Let’s begin with the major airborne allergies.



The smallest part of the plant that assists in reproduction is called pollen. As it flies off from one plant to another, it could be inhaled easily and can cause an allergic reaction.

How To Fight Pollen Allergies

Avoid Swamp Coolers

If you suffer from severe allergy to pollen, remember; running your swamp cooler in summers can worsen your symptoms as it attracts even more into the house. So at this time of the year, you might have to toughen it up a bit.

Local Honey

This one is for relieving the symptoms if there are any, which may occur unexpectedly. Eating unpasteurized, local honey every day for allergy sufferers does wonder.

Pollen Count

Pollen is measured as grains per cubic meter of air. They measure and estimate the number of airborne allergens that are present in the air. A lot of universities, clinics, and medical centers check this count voluntarily.

Study Your Plants Well

It is important to know that bright and colorful flowers attract insects. These insects are also the carriers of heavy pollen from plant to plant. However, it is the ones with little color that are the main culprits because they are the ones that spread allergies and pollens much faster.

Avoid Early Mornings

Going outside for an early morning walk around 5-10 am, or simple tasks that can be carried out later should be delayed. The pollen count during these hours is at its highest, and if you know what it can do to you, the best time for you to go out is after rain or late afternoons.

Dust Mites

Dust Mites

The second worst allergens we have is dust mites. Dust mites themselves are not allergens, but it is their skin that sheds off when they mature. This can cause itchy eyes, throat, nose, and even asthma at times.

How To Contain Or Get Rid Of Dust Mites

Wash Stuffed Animals At Home

Children suffering from allergies could be worse than adults. If your children have one, make him sleep with only washed stuffed toys. Keep the stuffed toy in the freezer for 24 hours if it cannot be washed.

Bedding Protection

You can also protect your bedding in a dust mite proof enclosing. There are many shops and online stores where you can order them from depending on your residence. It is up to you how many of these you want to encase, including mattress, box springs, pillows, down comforters.

Dust Mite Powder

Use this regularly on upholstery and carpet.

Say No To Old Mattresses

Your mattress has a capacity of holding 1 and 10 million dust mites, depending on how old it is. Since it is hard to clean regularly, it is better to replace it with a new one if you’ve spent a couple of years living with the same mattress.

Clean And Wash Your Bedsheets

You are required to wash your bed sheets more often compared to others in hot water with 130° F to kill mites. This should be done once a week, at least. There are also some laundry chemicals available that specifically kill them with several additives.

Low Humidity

Dust mites survive best at 75%-80%; however, below 50% humidity, they are not able to make it, which benefits you. So avoid humidifiers in bedrooms and try to keep your home dry as much as possible. Take yourself a steamy hot shower if you’re sick rather than turning on the humidifier. The bathroom after the shower should be cleaned properly.

Pet Dander

Pet Dander Allergies

Having a pet at home is not always fun. Allergy sufferers can be easily triggered by pet dander, which is the loose skin flakes shed by animals. These flakes are very sticky and can elevate symptoms. Here are a few tips to get rid of them:

Time To Study Dogs

In case you are planning to buy a dog for home, you should remember all the breeds that have less dander. These include Schnauzers, Terriers, and poodles.

Pet Grooming

To minimize dander at home, it is essential to brush your pet very frequently. You should use a good brush with fine pins that can reach till the skin with ease. Once you’ve brushed, discard the fluff quickly, so they don’t find a chance to wind up in the air or your nose.

Bathe Your Pet

Long fluffy Persian cats etc. can trap dander very quickly, including dust and pollen. Scrubbing them gently and bathing reduces the chances of allergens.

No Pets In The Bedroom

Keep a pet, but keep it outside the bedroom to minimize dander allergies. At the least, use a plastic cover on the bed till bedtime. This will help you get a good night’s sleep.


Mold Allergy

One of the leading causes of Perennial Allergic Rhinitis and other major health issues include molds. Mold spores cause airborne diseases and are almost everywhere you can imagine! These few tips will aid you in keeping your house mold-free;

Clean Household Areas

Thoroughly clean all the damp areas that are likely to collect dirt and hence, molds. These can be air conditioners, drain pans, shower curtains, and even basements.

Avoid Indoor Plants

We know you like plants, but they are not worth risking your health. These indoor plants are a source of molds and dust and can make allergies worse. If its something you can’t do, at the very least, clean and water the leaves daily.

No Drying Out Clothes Outside

Do not hang your bedding outside to dry as molds and pollen are likely to settle on them; instead, use a dryer as your safety precaution.

Tips For Dusting At Home

To prevent the dust from collecting on your household items. Keep in mind these things:

Less Indoor Shelves

Most of the dust in your homes is basically what the shelves hold. Try to get rid of all the extra shelves that are there for no such use because it is not just the cabinets that hold the dust but all the small items displayed on it. However, closed-door cabinets are still a better option.

Remember All The Hard To Reach Areas

When dusting, never forget all places that are usually ignored. This includes window frames, windowsills, storage units, light fixtures, and ceiling fans.

Mask Is Your Savior


People with dust allergies can get a lot of benefit from wearing a good HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Arrestant) mask. This way, 95% of the dust particles are blocked from making their way into your lungs hence, preventing a hypersensitivity reaction.

Dusting Cloths that are Electrostatically Charged

Yes, this one the key to trapping dust since dusters and cloths after cleaning up can release 50% of the dust. An electrostatically charged one will do exactly the opposite. A good dusting cloth that does the job just fine will trap around 90% of the dust.

A Good Broom

When you go to the market, you’ll find different types of brooms, and their quality can affect the level of dust at your place. Look for the one that holds dust in it and doesn’t circulate it back into the air.

Important Supplements

Vitamin, Mineral Supplements To fight Allergies

Incorporating minerals, and vitamins as supplements in your diet will aid you in preventing allergies and strengthen your immune system so they will not be triggered so easily.


Calcium is known to strengthen bones along with vitamin D and is not commonly known for fighting allergies; however, according to certain studies, calcium suppresses sneezing because of its antihistaminic action.


Vitamin B-Complex is excellent for the nervous system. It maintains it and acts as an anti-oxidant. It is known to suppress allergic reactions and even lessen the severity of symptoms.

Vitamin C

Without a doubt, the safest vitamin we have up till now is Vitamin C. it improves our immune system significantly, which ultimately helps in warding off allergies in an instant.

Anti-Oxidant Combination

The anti-oxidant combination consists of vitamins A, C, E, selenium, zinc, and beta-carotene. They together, strength allergy resistance required by your body. Allergy sufferers have benefitted a great deal from this combination.

General Tips To Combat Allergies

Here are some overall tips to keep in mind to fight off your specific allergy:

No Cockroaches At Home

We know how these critters spread diseases in humans, but it’s not where it ends, around 10 million people are allergic to the waste products of cockroach in the U.S.

Buy a cockroach trap or sprays when you head off to grocery shopping next time. They are cheap and worth it.

Shower Before Sleeping

Washing your hair and body can reduce night allergies a great deal as pollens, mites, dirt, and even molds may have settled on your body during the day. A shower at night will ensure you stay away from allergens in bed.

Stay Away From Alcohol

No Alcohol For Allergies

Some people may be aware of this, but alcohol is terrible for people with nasal allergies as it worsens it and aggravates runny nose and congestion.


Vent filters are good for trapping airborne particles like lint, mites, hair, and even dirt. Cooling and overheating vents also alleviate allergies, so make sure you buy them as they are readily available at reasonable costs.

Floor Cleaning

Clean the floors at least twice a week, so make sure that the allergens have been disposed of. You can also use a vacuum on the floor before using a clean mop over it.

No Smoking

Sorry to hear this, but smoking tobacco plays a significant role in worsening all sorts of allergies. Your immune system is easily affected by allergens; hence, you may suffer from a hypersensitivity reaction quite early.

Smoking not only makes the immune system weak, but it also serves as a place for the molds to grow.

Get Help From Carpet Cleaners

You should get your carpets cleaned by professionals each fall. Ask them to service it in a way as to get rid of all pet dander, mold, and dust mites.

Not All Carpets Are The Same

When purchasing a new carpet at stores, they can be a source of irritants and emissions from chemicals for allergy sufferers.

What you can do is, consider hardwood floors or ask the shop keeper if any chemicals were used during manufacturing. If so, give it some time to air it out.

A Good Vacuum Cleaner Can Save The Day

A Good Vacuum Cleaner Against Allergies

A good vacuum cleaner includes high-efficiency filtration, adjustable brushes, and very strong suction pressure. You should look for green labels of Carpet and Rug Institute that indicates its high standard.

The Face-Mask Is Important

People will bad allergies should use face masks, especially going to specific places. Even at home while doing allergy- triggering house chores like grooming your pet, vacuuming, cleaning a dusty attic, mowing the lawn, bathroom cleaning, and bed sheet changing.

Floors Should Be Vacuumed Once A Week

According to the Carpet and Rug Institute, floors should be vacuumed once a week and in case of pets, twice a week.  The disposable bag in your vacuum should be changed often.

Stay Away From Bugs

A kitchen without insects is genuinely heaven. They make allergies worse, so what you can do as a safety precaution is; store food in tight boxes, seal all the crack around shelves and cabinets, get rid of grease.

Avoid Ozone Generators And Air Cleaners

You heard that right; they can be very dangerous along with being ineffective, according to EPA (Environmental Protection Agency).

Avoid Over-The-Counter Allergy Medicines

Make sure you use your medicines carefully after reading the directions. Do not take over the counter drugs like a lot of them have their side effects, including drowsiness.


Dehumidifiers Against Allergies

You should invest in this equipment if you live in a humid city. They help reduce molds, dust mites and are not expensive. To maintain it properly the water container should be cleaned regularly to avoid mineral building up, replace the filter once a year so that it can provide excellent performance.

Ice and frost can destroy dehumidifiers, so inspect its cooling coils, and avoid switching it on and off quickly. Wait 10 minutes instead, so the pressure can be equalized inside the system. And lastly, the humidistat should not be set higher than the requirement.

Stay Hydrated

People suffering from allergies must drink 1 gallon a day — this aids in flushing out all the toxins from the body. When you stay hydrated, it is hard for the toxins and allergens to collect in the throat and lungs.

Good Physical Activity

A daily exercise routine can genuinely boost your immune system. Cardio training like cycling, jogging, the brisk walk helps the body to defend against harmful bacteria, viruses, and even allergies. However, too intense exercise can sometimes weaken immunity as well, so try not to overdo it.

Talk To Your Physician

If you have a family doctor, go to him or consult an excellent allergist to talk about your allergies and your symptom. Take notes of whatever he says and follow them daily. Good communication and follow-ups will lead to beneficial treatment.

HEPA Filters

These filters can trap as .3 microns. HEPA stands for High-Efficiency Particulate Arrestors. Since the size of pollen ranges from 5-100 microns, there is no way an allergen is getting inside.

Frequent Hand Washing

Frequent hand Washing To Fight Allergies

Try to wash your skin and hands regularly to keep away from pet dander, dirt, and molds, especially if you have a habit of rubbing your face or eyes.

Disinfect Household Items

Disinfecting small things is easy, but it is equally important to clean kitchen surfaces, bathroom, etc. with industrial-grade disinfectant. This way, you are killing all the germs and molds that you would otherwise miss.

Change Your Priorities

Don’t be stressed out when you hear the word feather beds, pillows, and down comforters to clean. If there is one thing we know, its that they are excellent at trapping dirt. The results will always be worth a trip to dry cleaners.

Windows Should Not Be Opened

Try to keep your car and room windows closed when possible. Use air conditioners in summer instead. This way, you aren’t allowing allergens to blow inside.


Presently, there is no known method to help get rid of allergies entirely, but there are steps that can limit their symptoms. Some treatments can alleviate allergy symptoms. Food allergies are hard to manage as there might be traces in unlikely meals.

All you can do is to be vigilant about ways you come in contact with specific allergens. Keep these steps in mind to stay safe at home, outside, or places you visit. And make sure you do allergy testing to know which substances should be avoided in the future.

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